Development of Physical Activity Pyramid in Braille for Visually Impaired Adults

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  • Hooi San Lian Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Nik Shanita Safii Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Norakyairee Mohd Raus Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia



Vision impairment, Physical activity pyramid, Braille


People with vision impairment (VI) are usually physically and socially inactive. 39% of visually impaired (VI) and physical disability youth were classified as sedentary. The aim of this study was to develop an education tool to educate and encourage the visually impaired (VI) population to be more physically active and thereby prevent health problems, improve their well-being, enhance social skills and help them to build self-confidence. Interview sessions with the VI adults (n=4) and two experts in this field were carried out and the inputs collected were used to modify the current Malaysian physical activity pyramid. The modified physical activity pyramid for the VI population was then being printed in Braille. It was also being tested by a small group of VI adults (n=10). All the participants understood the diagram and guidelines carried by the Braille physical activity pyramid and it was well-accepted by them. Finally, the physical activity pyramid in Braille for adults with VI was developed. It can be served as an education tool for the VI population as it has been tailored to their capability and daily lifestyle.

Author Biographies

Hooi San Lian, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Faculty of Health SciencesUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Nik Shanita Safii, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Faculty of Health SciencesUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


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DOI: 10.33102/jqss.vol2no1.9
Published: 2018-06-01

How to Cite

Lian, H. S., Safii, N. S., & Mohd Raus, N. (2018). Development of Physical Activity Pyramid in Braille for Visually Impaired Adults. Journal of Quran Sunnah Education & Special Needs, 2(1), 9-17.