Kedudukan Taksonomi Bloom Menurut Perspektif Islam


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Authors

  • Nursyahirah Wahidah Masrom Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Mahyuddin Hashim Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Noorhayati Hashim Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Fariza Puteh Behak Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/jqss.vol2no1.8

Keywords:

Taksonomi Bloom, Kemahiran Berfikir, al-Quran, Islam

Abstract

Bloom’s Taxonomy known as a hierarchical framework of learning objective that is used by teachers to measure students’ higher order thinking skills based on questions in learning. There are three domain on Bloom taxonomy which is cognitive (intellectual skill), affective (generic skill) and psychomotor (practical skill). The cognitive domain of Bloom consists of six level organized in a hierarchy from lower until higher level which includes remembering, understanding, application, analysis, evaluation and creating. Since it is introduce by Benjamin Bloom in year 1956, studies have shown there are numerous Western studies have been discusess the strengths and weaknesses of Bloom Taxonomy. However, what is the position of Bloom's Taxonomy according to the Islamic perspectives? Therefore, this paper will concentrate on the criticisms by Western and Islamic perspective against Bloom’s Taxonomy. This study will be conducted using qualitative method by analysing data with descriptive method. The findings show there are criticisms and improvements in the past studies that focus on Bloom's taxonomy into four themes: (1) hierarchical structure, (2) classification structure, (3) uses and (4) new taxonomy requirements to fit the new skills required by the 21st century learning. Indeed, this article can provides a catalyst for further exploration of Islamic influence in education.

Abstrak

Taksonomi  Bloom merupakan  objektif  pendidikan  yang  digunakan  oleh  pendidik  untuk  mengukur  dan  meningkatkan kemahiran berfikir aras tinggi pelajar dalam pembelajaran. Terdapat tiga domain utama yang perlu dicapai iaitu kognitif (kemahiran intelektual), afektif (kemahiran generik) dan psikomotor (kemahiran praktikal teknikal). Malahan, domain ini diklasifikasikan  mengikut  enam  aras  berbentuk  piramid  yang  disusun  dari  aras  rendah  hingga  ke  aras  tinggi.  Ia merangkumi  aras  pengetahuan,  pemahaman,  aplikasi,  analisis,  sintesis  dan  penilaian.  Sejak  ia  diperkenalkan  oleh Benjamin Bloom pada tahun 1956, terdapat pelbagai kajian Barat yang membincangkan tentang kekuatan dan kelemahan Taksonomi Bloom. Namun, bagaimana pula kedudukan Taksonomi  Bloom  menurut perspektif Islam? Oleh  itu, artikel ini  membincangkan  kritikan  Barat  dan  pandangan  Islam  terhadap  taksonomi  Bloom.  Kajian  ini  menggunakan  kaedah kualitatif  di  mana  data  akan  dianalisis  melalui  kaedah  deskriptif.  Hasil  kajian  mendapati  terdapat  kritikan  dan penambaikan  dari  kajian  lepas  yang  menfokuskan  taksonomi  Bloom  kepada  empat  tema:  (1)  susunan  hierarki,  (2) pengelasan struktur, (3) kegunaan dan (4) keperluan kepada taksonomi yang baru sesuai dengan arus pembelajaran abad ke 21. Kajian ini juga dilihat sebagai pemangkin awal bagi meluaskan bidang pengukuran Islam dalam sistem pendidikan di Malaysia.

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Published

2018-06-01
CITATION
DOI: 10.33102/jqss.vol2no1.8
Published: 2018-06-01

How to Cite

Masrom, N. W., Hashim, M., Hashim, N., & Behak, F. P. (2018). Kedudukan Taksonomi Bloom Menurut Perspektif Islam. Journal of Quran Sunnah Education & Special Needs, 2(1), 18-26. https://doi.org/10.33102/jqss.vol2no1.8

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